Manage Packages

$ npm outdated -g --depth=0  # To find out which packages need to be updated
$ npm install -g <package>   # To update a specific global package
$ npm update -g              # To update all global packages
$ npm uninstall -g <package> # To uninstall a global package

Global Objects

__filename;  // The filename of the code being executed. (absolute path)
__dirname; // The name of the directory that the currently executing script resides in. (absolute path)
module; // A reference to the current module. In particular module.exports is used for defining what a module exports and makes available through require().
exports; // A reference to the module.exports that is shorter to type.
process; // The process object is a global object and can be accessed from anywhere. It is an instance of EventEmitter.
Buffer; // The Buffer class is a global type for dealing with binary data directly.



console.log([data], [...]);             // Prints to stdout with newline.[data], [...]);            // Same as console.log.
console.error([data], [...]);           // Same as console.log but prints to stderr.
console.warn([data], [...]);            // Same as console.error.
console.dir(obj);                       // Uses util.inspect on obj and prints resulting string to stdout.
console.time(label);                    // Mark a time.
console.timeEnd(label);                 // Finish timer, record output.
console.trace(label);                   // Print a stack trace to stderr of the current position.
console.assert(expression, [message]);  // Same as assert.ok() where if the expression evaluates as false throw an AssertionError with message.



setTimeout(callback, delay, [arg], [...]);   // To schedule execution of a one-time callback after delay milliseconds. Optionally you can also pass arguments to the callback.
clearTimeout(t);                             // Stop a timer that was previously created with setTimeout().
setInterval(callback, delay, [arg], [...]);  // To schedule the repeated execution of callback every delay milliseconds. Optionally you can also pass arguments to the callback.
clearInterval(t);                            // Stop a timer that was previously created with setInterval().
setImmediate(callback, [arg], [...]);        // To schedule the "immediate" execution of callback after I/O events callbacks and before setTimeout and setInterval.
clearImmediate(immediateObject);             // Stop a timer that was previously created with setImmediate().

unref();  // Allow you to create a timer that is active but if it is the only item left in the event loop, node won't keep the program running.
ref();    // If you had previously unref()d a timer you can call ref() to explicitly request the timer hold the program open.



var module = require('./module.js');    // Loads the module module.js in the same directory.
module.require('./another_module.js');  // load another_module as if require() was called from the module itself.;        // The identifier for the module. Typically this is the fully resolved filename.
module.filename;  // The fully resolved filename to the module.
module.loaded;    // Whether or not the module is done loading, or is in the process of loading.
module.parent;    // The module that required this one.
module.children;  // The module objects required by this one.

exports.area = function (r) {
  return 3.14 * r * r;

// If you want the root of your module's export to be a function (such as a constructor)
// or if you want to export a complete object in one assignment instead of building it one property at a time,
// assign it to module.exports instead of exports.
module.exports = function(width) {
  return {
    area: function() {
      return width * width;



process.on('exit', function(code) {});              // Emitted when the process is about to exit
process.on('uncaughtException', function(err) {});  // Emitted when an exception bubbles all the way back to the event loop. (should not be used)

process.stdout;           // A writable stream to stdout.
process.stderr;           // A writable stream to stderr.
process.stdin;            // A readable stream for stdin.

process.argv;             // An array containing the command line arguments.
process.env;              // An object containing the user environment.
process.execPath;         // This is the absolute pathname of the executable that started the process.
process.execArgv;         // This is the set of node-specific command line options from the executable that started the process.

process.arch;             // What processor architecture you're running on: 'arm', 'ia32', or 'x64'.
process.config;           // An Object containing the JavaScript representation of the configure options that were used to compile the current node executable.;              // The PID of the process.
process.platform;         // What platform you're running on: 'darwin', 'freebsd', 'linux', 'sunos' or 'win32'.
process.title;            // Getter/setter to set what is displayed in 'ps'.
process.version;          // A compiled-in property that exposes NODE_VERSION.
process.versions;         // A property exposing version strings of node and its dependencies.

process.abort();          // This causes node to emit an abort. This will cause node to exit and generate a core file.
process.chdir(dir);       // Changes the current working directory of the process or throws an exception if that fails.
process.cwd();            // Returns the current working directory of the process.
process.exit([code]);     // Ends the process with the specified code. If omitted, exit uses the 'success' code 0.
process.getgid();         // Gets the group identity of the process.
process.setgid(id);       // Sets the group identity of the process.
process.getuid();         // Gets the user identity of the process.
process.setuid(id);       // Sets the user identity of the process.
process.getgroups();      // Returns an array with the supplementary group IDs.
process.setgroups(grps);  // Sets the supplementary group IDs.

process.initgroups(user, extra_grp);  // Reads /etc/group and initializes the group access list, using all groups of which the user is a member.
process.kill(pid, [signal]);          // Send a signal to a process. pid is the process id and signal is the string describing the signal to send.
process.memoryUsage();                // Returns an object describing the memory usage of the Node process measured in bytes.
process.nextTick(callback);           // On the next loop around the event loop call this callback.
process.maxTickDepth;                 // Callbacks passed to process.nextTick will usually be called at the end of the current flow of execution, and are thus approximately as fast as calling a function synchronously.
process.umask([mask]);                // Sets or reads the process's file mode creation mask.
process.uptime();                     // Number of seconds Node has been running.
process.hrtime();                     // Returns the current high-resolution real time in a [seconds, nanoseconds] tuple Array.



util.format(format, [...]);    // Returns a formatted string using the first argument as a printf-like format. (%s, %d, %j)
util.debug(string);            // A synchronous output function. Will block the process and output string immediately to stderr.
util.error([...]);             // Same as util.debug() except this will output all arguments immediately to stderr.
util.puts([...]);              // A synchronous output function. Will block the process and output all arguments to stdout with newlines after each argument.
util.print([...]);             // A synchronous output function. Will block the process, cast each argument to a string then output to stdout. (no newlines)
util.log(string);              // Output with timestamp on stdout.
util.inspect(object, [opts]);  // Return a string representation of object, which is useful for debugging. (options: showHidden, depth, colors, customInspect)
util.isArray(object);          // Returns true if the given "object" is an Array. false otherwise.
util.isRegExp(object);         // Returns true if the given "object" is a RegExp. false otherwise.
util.isDate(object);           // Returns true if the given "object" is a Date. false otherwise.
util.isError(object);          // Returns true if the given "object" is an Error. false otherwise.

util.inherits(constructor, superConstructor);  // Inherit the prototype methods from one constructor into another.