Here are some of the Git commands that I often use.


Display local repo config settings

git config --list

Show remote repository URL

git config --get remote.origin.url
# or
git remote show origin

Change origin URL

git remote set-url origin http//

Add remote repo

git remote add remote-name

Check remote repository URL of current repo

git config --get remote.origin.url

Syncing a fork

//Fetch the branches and their respective commits from the upstream repository. Commits to master will be stored in a local branch, upstream/master
git fetch upstream
git checkout master
git merge upstream/master

View Change Log

git log --oneline --decorate --color

Refactor filenames

// Deletes file from working directory and stages the deletion
git rm <filename>

// Removes file from version control but preserves file locally
git rm --cached <filename>

// Changes file name and prepares it for commit
git mv <filename-orig> <filename-renamed>


If you want to see what you haven’t git added yet:

git diff -- myfile.txt

If you want to see already-added changes

git diff --cached -- myfile.txt

Unstage a file for commit

git reset <file>

Combining commits

//Interactive rebasing of last 3 commits
git rebase -i HEAD~3

//Tells Git to combine all 3 commits into the 1st commit
pick 01d112s New header design
squash 63423aa Added search bar
squash ebfd157 Updated header icon

Change last commit message

git commit --amend -m "New commit message"

Discard all local changes

git reset --hard

Undo last commit & redo

git commit ...                (1)
git reset --soft HEAD~1       (2)
<< edit files as necessary >> (3)
git add ....                  (4)
git commit -c ORIG_HEAD       (5)


Temporarily stash changes, apply later

// Stash current changes
git stash

//List all stashed changesets
git stash list

# Do some new changes

// Apply stashed changes
git stash apply

Manage Branches

Reset local repo to match remote repo

git fetch origin
git reset --hard origin/master

Pull latest changes from a remote repo

git fetch
git pull

Delete a local branch

git branch -d <branch-name>

Delete a remote branch

git push origin :remote_branch

Merging a finished feature branch

The --no-ff flag causes the merge to always create a new commit object, even if the merge could be performed with a fast-forward. This avoids losing information about the historical existence of a feature branch and groups together all commits that together added the feature.

git co develop
git merge --no-ff myfeature
git branch -d myfeature
git push origin develop

Create a release branch

git checkout -b release-1.2 develop
./ 1.2
git commit -a -m "Bumped version number to 1.2"

Finishing a release branch

git checkout master
git merge --no-ff release-1.2
git tag -a 1.2

To keep the changes made in the release branch, we need to merge those back into develop, though.

git checkout develop
git merge --no-ff release-1.2
// delete release branch, no longer needed
git branch -d release-1.2

Creating a hotfix branch

git checkout -b hotfix-1.2.1 master
./ 1.2.1
git commit -a -m "Bumped version number to 1.2.1"

Don’t forget to bump the version number after branching off.

git commit -m "Fixed severe production problem"

Finishing a hotfix branch

git checkout master
git merge --no-ff hotfix-1.2.1
git tag -a 1.2.1

// include fix into develop
git checkout develop
git merge --no-ff hotfix-
git branch -d hotfix-1.2.1